Noninvasive, Accurate Continuous Monitoring of Cardiac Output by Whole-Body Electrical Bioimpedance

Gad Cotter, Yaron Moshkovitz, Edo Kaluski, Amram J. Cohen, Hilton Miller, Daniel Goor and Zvi Vered.
Accurate, Noninvasive Continuous Monitoring of Cardiac Output by Whole-Body Electrical bioimpedance.

Cardiac output (CO) is measured but sparingly due to limitations in its measurement technique (ie, right-heart catheterization).
Yet, in recent years it has been suggested that CO may be of value in the diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment titration of cardiac patients, especially those with congestive heart failure (CHF).
We examine the use of a new noninvasive, continuous whole-body bioimpedance system (NICaS; NI Medical; Hod-Hasharon, Israel) for measuring CO.
The aim of the present study was to test the validity of this noninvasive cardiac output system/monitor (NICO) in a cohort of cardiac patients

CHEST 2004;125;1431-1440
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15078756

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